Peppers Growing Guide

Peppers Growing Guide

Peppers look great growing indoors in pots, but they need warm temperatures and full sun.

How to plant:

  • Propagate by seed
  • Germination temperature: 70 F to 95 F - Will not germinate below 55 F.
  • Days to emergence: 7 to 10 - at soil temperatures around 85 F.
  • Seed can be saved 2 years.

Maintenance and care:

  • Sow seeds indoors, 1/4 inch deep in flats, peat pots or cellpacks, 8-10 weeks before you anticipate transplanting outside. Seed germinates best when soil temperature is 80 F or higher. It will not germinate below 55 F.
  • Keep plants indoors in a warm (70 F during the day, 65 F at night), sunny location. Lack of light will produce leggy, unproductive transplants.
  • Don't be in a rush to transplant outside. Cold temperatures can weaken plants and they may never fully recover. A few days at 60 F to 65 F with reduced water will help harden plants and reduce transplant shock. Over-hardened plants grow slowly after transplanting.
  • Set plants out 2 to 3 weeks after average last frost when the soil has warmed and the weather has settled. Plant them 12 to 24 inches apart, in rows 24 to 36 inches apart, or spaced about 14 to 16 inches apart in raised beds.
  • Use black plastic and/or row covers to speed soil warming and early growth. Use caution with row covers not to overheat plants and cause them to drop their blossoms